BAGINSKY, ADOLF ARON (1843–1918), German physician and founder of modern pediatrics. Baginsky was born in Silesia and in 1881 joined the faculty of Berlin University, being appointed associate professor in 1892. In 1890, with the assistance of Virchow, he founded the children's hospital, Kaiser und Kaiserin Friedrich Kinderkrankenhaus, of which he became director. His main contributions to pediatrics were in the fields of infectious diseases, the study of milk, and hygiene. Baginsky was a leader in the movement for the promotion of child welfare and his services in this field won him orders and decorations from many governments. He was founder and editor of the pediatric journal, Archiv fur Kinderheilkunde (1879). His works included Lehrbuch der Kinderheilkunde (1982; "Textbook of Pediatrics," translated into a number of languages), Handbuch der Schulhygiene ("Manual on School Hygiene," 1877), and Praktische Beitraege zur Kinderheilkunde ("Practical Contributions to Pediatrics," 1880–84), as well as many articles on physiological and chemical subjects. Baginsky was an active member of the Jewish community in Berlin and of the movement to check antisemitism in Germany. He also wrote an interesting essay on the significance of hygiene in Mosaic legislation in which he expresses his admiration for the hygienic laws in the Bible. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan: Jews in Medicine (1952), 357–8. (Suessmann Muntner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Baginsky, Adolf Aron — (1843 1918)    German founder of modern paediatrics. Born in Ratibor, Silesia, he studied medicine at the University of Berlin. In 1881 he joined the faculty of paediatrics and later became professor. Together with Rudolf Virchow, he founded the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Adolf Aron Baginsky — (May 22, 1843 ndash; 1918) was a German professor of diseases of children at Berlin University. Baginsky was born in Ratibor (Racibórz), Prussian Silesia. At the completion of his high school education at the gymnasium of his native town (1861),… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf Baginsky — Adolf Aron Baginsky (* 22. Mai 1843 in Ratibor; † 15. Mai 1918[1] in Berlin) war ein deutsch jüdischer Kinderarzt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • MEDICINE — From the beginning of their history until modern times Jews have exercised a tremendous influence on the development of medical science. They have always been solicitous in their care for the sick and held the medical profession in great esteem.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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